## Nikola Tesla Patents

# Nikola Tesla U.S. Patent 1,061,142 - Fluid Propulsion Patent Wrapper Page 27

J I 1 ! I а 8160 fluid, permitting it to adjust itself to natural pethe or stream lines and to change its velocity and direction by insensible degrees, is charaderistic of this method of propulsion and advantageous in ite application. While traversing the chamber enclosing the runner, the par es of the fluid may complete one or more turns, or but a part of one turn. In any given case their path can be closely calculated and graphically represented, but fairly accurate estimate of turns can be obtained simply by determining the number. of revolutions required to renew the fluid passing through the chamber and multiplying it by the ratio between the mean speed of the fluid and that of the disks. I have found that the quantity of fluid propelled in this manner is, other conditions being equal, approximately proportionate to the active surface of the runner and to its effective speed. For this reason, the performance of such machines augments at an exceedingly high rate with the increase of their size. and speed of revolution. The dimensions of the device as a whole, and the spacing of the disks in any given machine will be determined by the conditions and requirements of special cases. It may be stated that the intervening distance should be the greater, the larger the diameter of the disks, the longer the spiral path of the fluid and the greater its viscosity. In general, the spacing should be such that the entire mass of the fluid, before leaving the runner, is accelerated to a nearly uniform velocity, not much below that of the periphery of the disks under normal working conditions and almost equal to it when the outlet is closed and the particles move in concentric circles. -4827